Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or the body is unable to process it properly. Two kinds of diabetic retinopathy have the potential to diminish vision: In non proliferative retinopathy, blood vessels in the retina deteriorate. This fluid can resemble bubbles. The small laser scars that result will reduce abnormal blood vessel growth and help bond the retina to the back of your eye, thus preventing retinal detachment. Diabetic eye disease also includes cataract and glaucoma: Cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens. The dip in the retina is the fovea, a region of the macula where vision is normally at its sharpest. Hypertensive retinopathy is a complication of high blood pressure that usually takes many years to develop. Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of the disease, nor is there any pain. The pressure pinches the blood vessels that carry blood to the retina and optic nerve. The doctor also may see bleeding from ruptured blood vessels or swelling of the retina or optic nerve.
Anti-VEGF Injection Therapy. When to Contact a Medical Professional Call for an appointment with an eye doctor ophthalmologist if you have diabetes and you have not seen an ophthalmologist in the past year. Unless your retina is damaged, your vision may return to its previous clarity. In adults, diabetes nearly doubles the risk of glaucoma. The prognosis for visual recovery is dependent on the severity of the detachment.